Approaching the CA Deadline through Media Coverage: Media Functions Perspective
[A media monitoring research conducted for the Search For Common Ground (SFCG)]
– Nirmala Mani Adhikary
Dept. of Languages and Mass Communication
This paper studies the role of news media during the Constituent Assembly (CA) deadline.
A 601-member Constituent Assembly (CA) was formed in Nepal in 2008. After its total tenure of 4 years, the CA was dissolved on 28 May 2012 without accomplishing its duty to draft the constitution. A research was conducted to study the media coverage of the CA deadline and constitution making process in order to assess the role of media from media functions perspective. This paper presents the findings of a media monitoring research on the role of media during the CA deadline.
The present study is a message- or artifact-oriented research in which content analysis of the study corpus has been conducted. Functional perspective is the theoretical/conceptual framework for this qualitative research. Thus, it is a qualitative content analysis within the framework of the functions of mass media.
The study corpus of the present research includes the selected content types about the CA and/or constitution making process published in newspapers within the specified time period. A multistage sampling as mentioned below has been employed:
• First stage: This stage involves selecting the newspapers. Here, purposive sampling has been employed to ensure inclusion of mainstream broadsheet dailies. The four broadsheet dailies included in the sample are: Annapurna Post, Gorkhapatra, Kantipur, and Nagarik (in alphabetical order).
• Second stage: This stage involves selecting the dates for identifying the issues of above mentioned newspapers to be studied. Keeping in view of the objective of the present research (that is, monitoring the media regarding their role during the CA deadline), the dates selected are from 2012 May 14 to 28. Thus, 15 issues of each newspaper are included in the sample.
• Third stage: This stage involves selecting the pages (or sections) of newspapers from which the text for content analysis is to be taken. Here, the front pages as well as editorials and opinion sections are considered. This is to note that opinion pieces are published in “Vichar” and “Annapurna vishesh” sections of Annapurna Post, “Drishtikon” and “Vichar/Vivechana” sections of Gorkhapatra, “Drishtikon” and “Vividha” section of Kantipur, and “Vichar” section of Nagarik.
• Fourth stage: This stage involves selecting the particular text for content analysis. For this, any text (for e.g., a news story or an editorial or an opinion piece) is included under the study corpus only when it is related to the CA and/or constitution making process.
The pertinent facts are taken into note after intensive reading of the texts selected as mentioned above. Key Word in Context (KWIC) technique has been employed in order to identify the pertinent facts. For analysis, this research primarily uses the technique of conceptual content analysis.
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